There are the persons whom remember punched cards - rectangular cards with holes for input data to computers. This paper considers all the way from their born in the early eighteenth century to the end their use in the late twentieth. The line of Hollerith and Powers punched cards machinery is traced as well as their French and Soviet competitors. Particular attention is paid to the company IBM - flagship for working with punched cards.

08.06.2016 *** Text in Russian    Kolesnikov2016.pdf, 11.34 MB    Head page